AskDefine | Define monad

Dictionary Definition



1 an atom having a valence of one
2 a singular metaphysical entity from which material properties are said to derive [syn: monas] [also: monades (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. An ultimate atom, or simple, unextended point; something ultimate and indivisible.

Extensive Definition

Monad may refer to:
In philosophy:
  • Monad (symbol) a term used by ancient philosophers Pythagoras, Parmenides, Xenophanes, Plato, Aristotle, and Plotinus as a term for God or the first being, or the totality of all being.
  • Monism, the concept of "one essence" in the metaphysical and theological theory
  • Monad (Gnosticism), the most primal aspect of God in Gnosticism
  • Monadology, a book of philosophy by Gottfried Leibniz in which monads are a basic unit of perceptual reality
  • Monadologia Physica by Immanuel Kant
  • The Cup or Monad, a text in the Corpus Hermetica
In mathematics and computer science:
In music:
  • Monad (music), a single note, in contradistinction to a dyad, triad, tetrad, etc
In proper names and popular culture:
  • Monad (Technocracy), the symbol of Technocracy Incorporated and the Technocratic movement of North America
  • Windows PowerShell, a command line interface for Microsoft Windows code-named "Monad"
  • Xmonad, a window manager for the X Window System
  • John Monad, title character of the television series John from Cincinnati
monad in German: Monade
monad in French: Monad
monad in Japanese: モナド (曖昧さ回避)
monad in Dutch: Monade
monad in Portuguese: Mônada (desambiguação)
monad in Swedish: Monad

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

I, ace, air, an existence, atom, atomic particles, being, body, brute matter, building block, chemical element, component, constituent, creature, critter, earth, electron, element, elementary particle, elementary unit, entelechy, entity, fire, fundamental particle, hyle, hypostasis, individual, ion, life, material, material world, materiality, matter, meson, molecule, natural world, nature, no other, none else, nothing else, nought beside, nuclear particle, object, one, one and only, organism, person, persona, personality, physical world, plenum, proton, quark, something, soul, stuff, substance, substratum, the four elements, thing, unit, unit of being, water
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